Washington, D.c.

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Washington, D.c.

Washington, D.c. on the Map

GPS N38.892102°,W77.035446°
Washington D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. D.C. stands for District of Columbia. The District of Columbia and the city of Washington are coextensive and are governed by a single municipal government. It is run by an elected mayor and a city council. Washington, D.C. is divided into four quadrants: Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, and Southwest. The city is named after the first American president and the leader of American Revolution – George Washington.

The area of the city is 177 square kilometers (68.3 square miles). It lies in the altitude 0 – 125 metres (0 – 410 feet) above sea level. Washington is surrounded by the states of Maryland (on its southeast, northeast, and northwest sides) and Virginia (on its western side); it interrupts those states' common border, which is the Potomac River's southern shore both upstream and downstream from the District.

The population of the District of Columbia was 582,049 inhabitants in 2005. The density is 3,481 inhabitants per square kilometre. The number of inhabitants in the urban area is 5,214,666 and in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Arena 8,026,807. There are over 410,000 people coming to Washington every day for work. It is a 72% increase of the capital's normal population. Washington hosts over 180 embassies and hundreds of international organizations, so it has a substantial population of foreign residents. There are also many students from abroad studying at the local universities and colleges (the city is home to several universities, colleges, and other institutes of higher education, both public and private). This adds a cosmopolitan flavor to the city.

The city is the centre of all three branches of the U.S. federal government. There are also headquarters of most of the independent agencies, as well as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Organization of American States, and other national and international institutions. Washington, being the capital city, is the frequent location of large political demonstrations and protests, particularly on the National Mall. But it is also site of numerous national landmarks, monuments, and museums, and of course it is popular destination for tourists.

Nearly all notable monuments and landmarks lie in a large open area in the centre of the city called The National Mall. It serves to connect the White House and the United States Capitol buildings. In the center of the Mall, there is the Washington Monument. Other notable points of interest near the Mall include the Jefferson Memorial Lincoln Memorial, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, National World War II Memorial, Korean War Veterans Memorial, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the District of Columbia War Memorial and the Albert Einstein Memorial.

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