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Piran is a city and municipality in Primorska region in Slovenia. It lies on the coast of Adriatic Sea, in the Gulf of Piran. It is the administrative centre of the local area and one of Slovenia's major tourist attractions.

The area is 42.2 square kilometers and the number of inhabitants is 16,758 with the density 397.1 inhabitants per square kilometer. The municipality is bilingual, both Slovene and Italian are official languages. Piran has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and cool rainy winters, snow is rare.

The area of Piran had already been settled in pre-Roman era. Later it was incorporated into Roman Empire. The earliest reliable records of the area are from the 7th century, when "Piranon" (Piran) was referred to as a Roman town on the Istrian coast. In the 13th century Piran became a part of Venetian Republic. Later it came under Austrian occupation and for a short period of time it was a part of Napoleonic Illyrian Provinces. The destiny of Piran after World War I was the same as of other neighouring cities. Finally it became a part of independent Slovenia in 1991.

The city is characteristic with its medieval architecture and rich cultural heritage. Narrow streets and compact houses which rise in steps from the coastal lowland into the hills give the town its special charm. Piran is now the seat of the Euro- Mediterranean University founded in 2008. The municipality has an international airport and a marina.

Some trivia about the city of Piran are for example these: the first trolleybus line in the Balkans was given to public service here on 24 October 1909; on 24 October 2010 the first black mayor in the post communist Europe was elected in Piran (Peter Bossman, formerly from Ghana); Piran is the birthplace of composer and violinist Guiseppe Tartini.

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