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Lipica is a small village in Slovenia, close to the Italian border. It is a part of Municipality of Sežana in the Littoral region. The village is one of the main tourist centres of Slovenia’s Karst region, being the origin of Lipizzaner horses.

Lipica covers the area only of 10.56 square kilometres and the number of inhabitants is lower than 100. The name of the village is derived from the word „lipa“ meaning linden tree that is quite common in the area.

The Lipica Stud Farm of Lipizzaner horses was established in 1580 by Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austrian. The first horses were brought from Spain and the breed as we know it know was developed during the reign of Maria Theresa. After the World War II, there were only 11 horses. In 1960s the stud farm was opened to tourists and new devepolment began.

Nowadays it is fully functional and breeds the finest horses for haute-école riding. The stud farm now also includes a hotel and a leisure complex. The notable sights are Velbanca and the manor (the oldest buildings here); The Chapel of St. Anthony of Padua, dedicated to the Catholic saint who is also the patron saint of cattle and helps to protect it against diseases; The tourist stable (‘Abrihtunga’); or Na Borjači (stables 3, 4, 5, the old riding hall (‘Rajtšula’) and well).

There is an international competition called The Lipica Open held every year at the begining of May. It is the biggest orienteering competition in Slovenia and was held for the first time in 1992.

The area of the cultivated Karst landscape of the Lipica Stud Farm is under the special protection of monumental heritage.

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