Milan

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Milan

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GPS N45.465428°,E9.18663°
Milan (Milano in Italian) is a city in Italian region of Lombardy. It is recognized as the world fashion and design capital, with a major influence in commerce, industry, music, sport, literature, art and media.

Milan covers the area of 183.77 square kilometres. The population is over 1,300,000 with the density 7,205 inhabitants per square kilometer. However, the number of people living in the whole urban area, which is 1,980 square kilometres large and is one of Europe’s largest, is 4 million with the consequent density 2,000. 15% of Milan citizens are foreign born. Milan's population is mostly Catholic. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan. The city of Milan is subdivided into administrative zones, called Zona. Before 1999, the city had 20 zones, nowadays it is only 9. Zona 1 is the historical centre. All zones are very big (comparable to some Italian cities). Nevertheless a zone's government and zone representatives in Milan have very little power and very few duties.

Milan has a humid subtropical climate with some continental characteristics - similar to much of Northern Italy's inland plains, where hot, humid and very sultry summers and cold, wet winters prevail.

The city was founded by the Insubres, Celtic people. It was later captured by the Romans and became the capital city of the Western Roman Empire. It became one of the most prosperous Italian cities during the High Middle Ages. Later Milan became the capital city of the Duchy of Milan being ruled by the Visconti, the Sforza, the Spanish and the Austrians. In 1796, it was conquered by Napoleon I, who made it the capital of the puppet state of the Kingdom of Italy in 1805. Within Austrian Empire it was the capital of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. In 1859 the city was unified with the Kingdom of Sardinia, which later became the Kingdom of Italy. Being a major cultural centre in Europe during the Romantic period, it attracted several artists, composers and important literary figures. In the World War II the city was badly affected by Allied bombings, and after German occupation in 1943, Milan became the main hub of the Italian resistance. Despite this, the city saw a post-war economic growth.

Milan is one of Europe's main transportation and industrial hubs, and the European Union’s 10th most important centre for business and finance. Its economy is the world's 26th richest by purchasing power. According to a 2010 study by the Economist Intelligence Unit, the city is the world's 12th most expensive to live in.

Milan is especially famous for its fashion houses and shops. The city hosts Milan Fashion Week twice a year. Along with New York City, Paris and London it is regarded one of the fashion capitals of the world. Most of the major Italian fashion brands, such as Valentino, Gucci, Versace, Prada, Armani and Dolce &Gabana are currently headquartered here. The city is particularly well-known for its high-quality ancient and modern furniture and industrial goods. Milan hosts the FieraMilano, Europe's biggest, and one of the world's most prestigious furniture and design fairs. It also hosts other major design and architecture-related events and venues.

Milan is also home to numerous famous dishes, such as the Panettone Christmas cake and the risotto alla Milanese. The city is also well-known for several important museums, universities, academies, palaces, churches and libraries as well as two renowned football teams A.C. Milan and F. C. Internazionale Milano. There are 39 university centres in Milan. It has the largest number of university graduates and postgraduate students in Italy. The oldest Milan university is Politecnico di Milano, other famous are for example the University of Milan, The University of Milan Bicocca or the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart. Its music tradition is mainly operatic; Milan was home to several important composers (e.g. Giuseppe Verdi) and its theatres are well-known (e.g. Teatro alla Scala).

Milan is one of EU's most important tourist destinations, also being the 7th best city in Europe in terms of touristic reputation, attractions and branding. The city contains several cultural institutions, museums and galleries, some of which are highly important at an international level such as the city's Duomo and Piazza, the Convent of St. Maria delle Grazie with Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper, the San Siro Stadium, the Galleria Vittorio EmanueleII, the Castello Sforzesco, the Pinacoteca di Brera and the Via monte Napoleone. Most tourists visit sights such as Milan Cathedral, the Castello Sforzeco and the Teatro alla Scala. Other main sights are the Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio, the Navigli and the Brera Academy and district.

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