Liverpool

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Liverpool

Liverpool on the Map

GPS N53.41035°,W2.979355°
Liverpool is located in the North West part of England in the Merseyside County. It is a city as well as the Metropolitan Borough. In 2008 it will hold the title European Capital of Culture (together with the Stavanger, Norway).

The area of the Metropolitan Borough together with the city is 111.84 square kilometers (43.2 square miles) large. It was built across a ridge of hills rising up to a height of around 70 metres (230 feet) above sea-level at Everton Hill.

Liverpool is the fifth most populous cit in England. There are around 447,500 inhabitants living there. The population density is 4,001 inhabitants per square kilometer (10,362.5 inhabitants per square mile) The Liverpool Urban Area has 816,000 people. People of Liverpool are sometimes referred to as “Scousers”. Scouse is a type of local meal, a form of stew. The world is also synonymous with the city’s accent and dialect.

The city was founded in 1207 by King John’s letters patent. The town started to glow slightly during the 17th century. In 1699 Liverpool was made a parish by Act of Parliament, that same year its first slave ship, Liverpool Merchant, set sail for Africa. In 1715 the first wet dock in Britain was built here. Liverpool grew mainly thanks to profits from slave trade, at the end of 18th century it controlled over 41% of European and 80% of Britain's slave commerce. At the beginning of the 19th century 40% of the world’s trade was passing through Liverpool and it grew rapidly. In 1830 the rail link between Manchester and Liverpool was built as the first intercity rail link. In 1840s in consequence of Great Famine in Ireland a lot of Irish migrants came to Liverpool. It was just in 1880 when Liverpool gained city status. At the beginning of 20th century the population of Liverpool grew and it reached its peak in 1931 when there were 855,688 inhabitants living in the city. From mid 1970s onwards Liverpool's docks and traditional manufacturing industries went into sharp decline and in 1980s the unemployment was the highest among the United Kingdom. The regeneration has started at the end of 20th century and still continues.

In 1960s Liverpool became a centre of youth culture, mainly because of The Beatles. The City is internationally known as a cultural centre, with a particularly rich history in popular music, performing and visual arts.

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