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Bolton on the Map

GPS N53.576506°,W2.426777°
Bolton is a large town located in the northwest part of the Greater Manchester area. It was once one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton manufacture in the world. Today it is an important shopping place, home to for example famous Reebok brand. Tourism plays important role in town’s economy, but do not count with the help of the tourist information centre.

It has been settled since the Saxon times and it was given the rights to hold market in 1251 by King Henry III. Earl of Derby, William de Ferrers made it a market town by a charter from 14 January 1253. Historically, Bolton was a part of Lancashire. The town started to grow in the 14th century when the cotton industry began its tradition here. In the 19th century, Bolton was a prominent mill town centered on textile manufacture and cotton spinning.

Until the early 19th century ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors was divided into Little and Great Bolton and other sixteen townships. These two and one other township were incorporated as a municipal borough under the Municipal Corporation Act. In 1889, Bolton was granted County Borough status what made it self-governing and independent from Lancashire County Council jurisdiction. The Borough was extended by adding other civil parishes in 1898. The county borough was abolished in 1974 and Bolton became the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester.

There are approximately 140,000 inhabitants living in Bolton. As far as the whole Metropolitan Borough of Bolton is concerned, the population is slightly higher, around 260,000.

Since 2005 there is a university in Bolton. Formerly Bolton Institute of Higher Education gained the university status and became the University of Bolton. Besides this, there are all school levels present in the town. A leading independent day school, Bolton School, was established in 1516.

In and around the town, one can find a rich architectural heritage of old cotton and textile mills, along with the theatres and arts complexes, museum, shops and markets, country parks and old halls. Bolton's oldest public house, Ye Olde Man and Scythe, dating back to 1251 is one of the oldest remaining public houses in England.

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