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Birmingham on the Map

GPS N52.483198°,W1.904755°
Birmingham is an English City lying in the West Midlands County. It is the City as well as the Metropolitan borough. Sometimes it is considered to be the second city of the United Kingdom. During the Industrial Revolution Birmingham was very important and since that time it has been known as “the workshop of the world” or the “city of a thousand trades”.

Birmingham was at first (in the 7th century) a little Anglo-Saxon farming village. It was mentioned for the first time in written documents in Domesday Book in 1086. The village turned into a market town in the 12th century, when Birmingham gained a royal charter to hold a market (known as Bull Ring). The metalworking industries were established in the 16th century. By the English Civil War in the 17th century Birmingham had become an important manufacturing town producing small arms. At the first half of the 19th century an extensive canal system was constructed as well as the railways arrived here. Birmingham grew rapidly during the Industrial Revolution. It was granted city status in 1889 by Queen Victoria. In the World War II Birmingham was heavily damaged by bombing and redeveloped in 1950s and 60s.

The area of Birmingham covers 267.77 square kilometers and it is the largest of all core cities in England. The city is situated just to the west of the geographical centre of England on the Birmingham Plateau. It lies in the altitude between 150 – 300 metres above sea level. The climate is temperate.

The population of Birmingham is over one million and the population density is 3,739 inhabitants per square kilometre. It is ethnically and culturally diverse city; there is a number of Asians, Blacks and other nationalities and rases living here. The prevailing religion is Christian. People of Birmingham are often being referred to as Brummies (derived from city’s nickname Brum) and their dialect and accent are different when comparing with the adjacent Black Country.

As far as education is concerned, there is a large number of all types of schools in Birmingham. The city is home to three universities. The oldest one, The University of Birmingham was founded in 1900 and it was the first “red brick” university in England. Other two are Aston University (founded 1966), and the University of Central England (gained University status in 1992). There are also two other higher education colleges (Newman College and the Birmingham College of Food, Tourism and Creative Studies).

When visiting Birmingham one can admire a beautiful city center with a large diversity of buildings. There are old buildings around the Victoria Square like The City Council or the Town Hall as well as modern ones, Bull Ring, The Mailbox of numerous hotels. One should not miss Brindleyplace, a major canal side development with restaurants and office buildings along with the National Sea Life Centre, then Jewellery Quarter or Botanical Gardens close to the city center.

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