Germany

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Germany

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GPS N51.206883°,E9.711914°
Germany (Federal Republic of Germany or Bundesrepublik Deutchland in native language) is the country with the area of 357 021 square kilometers in the Central Europe. It shares its borders with Austria (784 km), Czech Republic (646 km), Denmark (68 km), France (451 km), Luxembourg (138 km), Netherlands (577 km), Poland (456 km), Switzerland (334 km) and it borders Baltic and Northern Sea. As far as terrain is concerned, there are lowlands in north, uplands in center and Bavarian Alps in south. The highest point is Zugspitze (2963 metres above sea level), the lowest one is Neuendorf bei Wilster (3.54 metres below sea level). The climate is temperate and marine; with cool, cloudy, wet winters and hot summers.

Germany is federal republic divided into 13 states (Laender; Baden-Wuerttemberg, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt and Schleswig-Holstein) and 3 free states (Freistaaten; Bayern, Sachsen and Thueringen). The capital city is Berlin with more than 3 million inhabitants. Other big cities are Munich, Franfurkt am Main, Hamburg and Cologne. Germany is the member of more international organizations, such as EU, UN, NATO, G8 or OECD. The local currency is Euro.

As far as the later history is concerned, Germany got its independence on 18 January 1871, when the German Empire unified. As well as in the World War I, the country was defeated also in World War II and it was divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and later, France); Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) was proclaimed on 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) was proclaimed on 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone. Unification of West Germany and East Germany took place on 3 October 1990 and all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991.

The population of Germany is nearly 82 and half million with the density 230 inhabitants per square kilometre. Their ethnic and religion division are following: ethnic: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish) and religion: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%. The official language is German.

Germany's affluent and technologically powerful economy - the fifth largest in the world - has become one of the slowest growing economies in the euro zone. The modernization and integration of the eastern German economy continues to be a costly long-term process, with annual transfers from west to east amounting to roughly $70 billion. Unemployment is a chronic problem. Most of the people work in services, then industry and the least in agriculture. In the field of industry, Germany belongs to the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding and textiles.

The international abbreviation of Germany is DEU, the label of the motor vehicles is D, the internet domain is .de and the international phone code is +49.

External References:
Germany Tourism - Travel, Holiday, Vacation
Wikipedia article on Germany
Germany Info
Germany Travel Guide
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