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GPS N64.091408°,W102.304687°
Canada is one of the largest states in the world; actually it is the second largest state by area after Russia. A self-governing dominion became Canada in 1867. Canada’s economical and cultural development has been parallel to United States of America, Canada’s only neighbor. The area of Canada has 9,984,670 square kilometers, so it is somewhat larger than the United States of America. The boundaries with the US are 8,893 kilometers long. The coastline of Canada is approximately 202,080 kilometers long.

The climate varies from temperate in south to sub-arctic and arctic in north. The terrain in Canada is combination of plains and lowlands with mountains. The highest peak in Canada is the Mount Logan with the height of 5,959 meters above the sea level. Canada is famous also for its lakes. Probably the most famous ones are those which is Canada sharing with US – The Great Lakes.

Canada’s most represented natural resources and types of industry are iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas and hydropower. The fraction of arable land is 4,57% and permanent crops contribute with 0,65%. The irrigated land is 7,850 square kilometers large. The permafrost in the north of Canada is a serious obstacle to further development and the cyclonic storms are causing the most natural problems in Canada.

The population in Canada is estimated to 33,098,932 citizens. The average age is 38,9 years and the population growth rate in Canada is 0,88%. The ethnic groups in Canada are following: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%. The official languages are English (59,3%) and French (23,2%).

Canada is a constitutional monarchy (The Queen Elizabeth II is considered to be the head of Canada), that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation. It consists of 10 provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan and three territories Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. The difference between them is that provinces have large degree of independence from federal government as territories. The capital city is Ottawa. The political situation is relatively stable, but there are some separatist efforts in Quebec.

The national sport of Canada is hockey and the native population invented the famous game Lacrosse.

External References: - Canadian news, entertainment, television, newspapers and more
Canada at CIA World Factbook
Wikipedia article on Canada
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