Eiffel Tower From The Bottom

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To see Eiffel tower at night is one of the most impressing moments you can enjoy in Paris. It is an immense structure that was built without any practical function like today’s towers usually have (TV broadcasting). It should serve as a city dominant only and show the greatness of French engineering to be memorized throughout the entire world. Eiffel Tower was built officially to celebrate the anniversary of the French revolution and was planed to be a part of the Universal Exhibition (the parent of today’s EXPO). Total costs of the building reached 7.8 million francs, but the admissions of the 1989 exhibition went to the amazing sum of 5,919,884 francs, and thus the tower proved to be not only a great monument, but also a good bargain.

The building process ended on March 31, 1889 with hoisting the French flag to the top, and thus Eiffel Tower is over 117 years old today. The contractor of Eiffel Tower was Gustave Eiffel & Cie and the tower was build under the technical leadership of two engineers: Maurice Koechlin & Emile Nouguier. The main architect was Stephen Sauvestre who began the studies on this tower in 1884 and the construction itself began in 1887. Only 2 years, 2 months, 5 days and 300 workers undertook the building process of such a tower, monumental especially for that century.

Eiffel Tower consists of 18,038 pieces and 2,500,000 rivets with the total weight of the entire metal structure reaching 7,300 tons, but the structure itself has a weight of 10,100 tons. The pure weight of paint layers on this structure is 40 tons and Eiffel tower is constantly being painted over. The height of Eiffel Tower is 324 meters (up to the flagpole, but it varies up to 15 centimeters depending on the air temperature because of the temperature expandability of steel). The maximum sway caused by dilation is 18 centimeters and the one caused by wind is 12 centimeters. Number of steps is also incredible: 1665. The size of base area of Eiffel tower is 10,281.96 square meters. If you want to visit Eiffel Tower, it could be interesting for you, that its coordinates are Latitude - 48º51'32" North and Longitude - 002º17'45" East, and you surely will discover it very quickly. The total number of visitors is something more than 225,000,000. It is amazing to see this monument, especially to see Eiffel Tower at night in its full glory and lights.
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