Lemons

pictures, photos, facts and information on Lemons (Fruits And Vegetables)


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Lemon is a fruit from the family rutaceae, also know by the Latin name Citrus Liman. Lemons grow on a lemon tree which is up to six meters high. The tree has very sharp thorns on the twigs. The history of lemons probably stretches to the distant North India. But the true origin is covered in unknown. Lemons have been presented in southern Italy in the third century A.D. Big lemon plantings in USA are known since 1839 in Florida.

Lemon is a very healthy fruit. One medium lemon consist of 22 calories, 0,3 grams fat, 5,1 grams dietary fiber, 1 gram proteins, 12 grams carbohydrates, 0 milligrams cholesterol, 3 milligrams sodium and 83 milligrams vitamin C (it is circa fifty percent of the recommended day income). Because of this amount of vitamin C are lemons so healthy. Vitamin C is a very important antioxidant found in food and it is a neutralizer to all antioxidants in the body inside and outside of the cells.

Lemons are rarely consumed alone, but their make excellent ingredient for other foods. There are many various lemon cultivars of the lemon, here are some better known of them – Armstrong (discovered about 1909), Avon (cultivated around 1934), Bearss (first planted in 1892), Eureka (planted in Los Angeles in 1858), Harvey (propagated since 1934 by Glen St. Mary Nurseries Company), Perrine (hybrid created by Dr. Walter Swingle and colleagues in 1909), Lisbon (this variation originated from Portugal, from there the name) and many others. The main types of lemons are however acid and sweet. The acid types of lemon are more spread over the market, the sweet types are mainly cultivated by small gardeners as ornamental fruit.

Lemons are rarely consumed alone, but their make excellent ingredient for other foods. There are many various lemon cultivars of the lemon, here are some better known of them – Armstrong (discovered about 1909), Avon (cultivated around 1934), Bearss (first planted in 1892), Eureka (planted in Los Angeles in 1858), Harvey (propagated since 1934 by Glen St. Mary Nurseries Company), Perrine (hybrid created by Dr. Walter Swingle and colleagues in 1909), Lisbon (this variation originated from Portugal, from there the name) and many others. The main types of lemons are however acid and sweet. The acid types of lemon are more spread over the market, the sweet types are mainly cultivated by small gardeners as ornamental fruit.

Lemons are used in many ways. Well known is the lemon juice or lemon lemonade. Lemons are also used in furniture polishes, detergents, soaps and shampoos. There are various uses for lemon oils or the wood from a lemon tree. Lemon has also various possible uses in pharmaceutics because of its great health promoting attributes.
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